NON TIMBER FOREST PRODUCTS DISCIPLINE
The term “NON TIMBER FOREST PRODUCTS DISCIPLINE” has been coined to replace the old term “Minor Forest Products”. Since the term M.F.P. in the IV World Forestry Congress, 1954, it was suggested that M.F.P. be termed as “Economic Forest Produce other than wood”. This term has again been recently modified as “Non-Wood Forest Products” to cover all forest produce other than timber and fuel wood.The term “NON TIMBER FOREST PRODUCTS DISCIPLINE” has been coined to replace the old term “Minor Forest Products”. Since the term M.F.P. in the IV World Forestry Congress, 1954, it was suggested that M.F.P. be termed as “Economic Forest Produce other than wood”. This term has again been recently modified as “NON TIMBER FOREST PRODUCTS DISCIPLINE” to cover all forest produce other than timber and fuel wood.
All products of plant or animal origin, except timber and fuel wood, that are collected by human beings for their day to day use and livelihood generation for termed as Non Wood Forest Products. According to an estimate 275 million people in India are dependent on these resources.
The better known among the NTFPs of socio-economic importance are leaves, bamboo and canes, gums, resin and oleo-resin, oil-seeds, essential oil including oil yielding grasses, fibers and flosses, grasses than oil yielding grasses, tans and dyes , drugs and species, animal products and edible products, etc. Their contribution to the economy is largely un-quantified as more than 60 percent of such production is locally consumed and are unrecorded.
It is estimated that NTFPs provide employment opportunities to millions of people residing in or outside the forest areas.
Non Wood Forest Products (NTFPs) are derived from over 3,000 species.
Scinario of Division and common facilties
History of Division :
The Division of NON TIMBER FOREST PRODUCTS DISCIPLINE came into existence as follows:
In 1906, when the Forest Research Institute was started, economic research on minor forest products (MFPs) was entrusted to the Economic Branch headed by Mr. R.S. Troup.2. The name of the Economic Branch was changed into Utilization Branch in 1932.3. In 1942, it was designed as Chemistry and Minor Forest Products Branch and carried out a number of researches on the then called MFPs.4. In 1950, the combined Chemistry and Minor Forest Products Branch was spilt up and the Minor Forest Products Branch was separated as a separate entity and continued research on MFPs till 1964.5. Thereafter several IFS officers have headed the Division and the name of the MFP Branch was changed to Non Wood Forest Products (NTFP) Division in 1993 and continued till today.
Since then, the Division has been instrumental in development of economic research on medicinal and aromatic plants, essential oils, gums, resins, tans, fatty-oils, dyes, waxes, fibers and flosses, etc. This division also deals with numerous technical inquiries annually received from forest departments, industries and private entrepreneurs.
Incumbencies of the Heads of NTFP Discipline (during last twenty years) are:
1999-2004, Dr. P.P. Bhojvaid, IFS
2004-2005, Shri K.K. Chaudhari, IFS
2005-2006, Dr. R.K. Shrivastava, IFS
2006- Feb 2013, Dr. Lokho Puni, IFS
Feb 2013 – May 2018, Dr. A. K. Sharma, FNSE
May 2018 – (Merged with Silviculture & Forest Management Division) – Headed by Smt Arti Chaudhary